Thanks to neuroscience applied to education, we know that people learn more and better through interaction with other people than individually, and that free and natural experimentation develops skills and competencies, among other things.
Neuropsychology deals with how a person’s cognition and behavior relate to the brain and the rest of the nervous system.
Educational psychology addresses how people learn, including teaching methods, instructional processes, and individual differences in learning and how people retain information.
Unveiling the Brain’s Learning Power: Unleashing and Embedding Knowledge
From a neuroscientific standpoint, the acquisition and retention of knowledge involve intricate learning processes within the brain. These processes encompass sensory memory, working memory, and long-term memory.
Sensory memory marks the initial stage of learning, enabling the brain to briefly store information received from the senses. However, this information remains transient unless actively transferred to working memory.
Working memory, also referred to as short-term memory, serves as the mental workspace where we actively process and retain information. It possesses a limited capacity and retains information for a short duration. Working memory plays a pivotal role in concentration, problem-solving, and assimilating new information. It closely intertwines with cognitive functions like attention, cognition, and thinking.
Long-term memory acts as the repository for storing and retrieving information over an extended period. With its almost boundless capacity, long-term memory can be categorized into declarative memory (for facts and events) and procedural memory (for skills and processes). Long-term memory grants us access to previously acquired knowledge and experiences.
The transfer of information from working memory to long-term memory occurs through cognitive processes such as repetition, elaboration (deep processing), organization, and linking to existing knowledge. The consolidation of information in long-term memory is influenced by factors such as emotional significance, personal relevance, and repetition.
Gaining a deeper comprehension of the brain’s learning processes from a neuroscientific perspective empowers organizations to enhance their learning programs and training initiatives. By leveraging these insights, they can optimize the effectiveness of knowledge acquisition and long-term retention. This contributes to the personal and professional growth of employees while fostering the success and expansion of the company.